Covid-19 is a recent disease caused by a coronavirus. Now let us see what effects it has on asthma patients. 

Asthma is a Greek word which means ‘panting’. It is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract. It shows various symptoms such as obstruction of air in the respiratory tract, wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The disease also gets triggered very easily. It might get started often in a week and sometimes in a day. The situation sometimes can become worse during the night or while doing exercises. 

The different types of asthma are mentioned below:-

  • Adult-Onset Asthma.
  • Allergic Asthma.
  • Asthma-COPD Overlap.
  • Adult-Onset Asthma.
  • Allergic Asthma.
  • Asthma-COPD Overlap.

The various causes of asthma are as follows:-

  • Genetic Factors
  • Environmental Factors (including pollution)
  • Aspirin and Beta-blockers are the other potential causes that trigger asthma

Although the symptoms can be controlled and prevented, unfortunately, asthma cannot be cured entirely. Asthma patients must avoid allergens and irritants. In case of severe conditions or an emergency, an asthma patient might need to be hospitalized. 

What Are The Risks Of People Amid This Covid Pandemic Who Are Suffering From Moderate To Severe Asthma?

  • People with asthma have high chances of getting affected by Covid-19 caused by a coronavirus. 
  • Covid-19 affects the respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, and lungs. 
  • It can also lead to pneumonia, asthma attacks and other respiratory diseases. 

What are the precautions an asthma patient takes to protect him/her from Covid-19?

  • Their first step is to follow the Asthma Action Plan.
  • Asthma triggers should be identified, and precautions must be taken to keep it under control.
  • Patients should get all their vaccinations timely.
  • They should wear a mask in a public place or gathering or if anyone outside the locality visits your home. Their homes should be kept allergy-free.
  • Avoid having frequent coughs and cold.
  • Use a Home Peak Flow Meter, which shows how the air is moving through an individual’s lungs.
  • Asthma patients should avoid any public gathering and event. They should also avoid close contact and maintain a 6 feet distance from people. 
  • Hugging, shaking hands, etc. should be avoided.
  • Asthma patients must avoid smoking, as it can lead to severe respiratory problems.
  • They should frequently sanitize and wash their hands properly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially before having a meal.
  • Try to avoid travelling too frequently on flights and cruise. 
  • Also, they should avoid anyone with Covid-19 symptoms, like fever, coughing, sneezing, etc. 
  • In the case of community transmission in the locality, asthma patients should avoid getting out of their homes.
  • Keep medicines and inhalers in stock for at least the next 30 days. 
  • Call the nearest health care centre in case of any emergency. 

Treatment or medication

Neither any medicine nor a vaccine has become available for Covid-19. Currently, Covid-19 has no treatment or cure. One must follow the precautions as mentioned above to prevent themselves from getting affected by the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes Covid-19.

What are the steps to follow in the Asthma Action Plan?

  • Patients must follow the Asthma Action Plan to keep the situation under control.
  • Do not alter any medicines without consulting the doctor. Also, continue the use of inhalers.
  • Try to avoid asthma triggers.
  • Go to check up at regular intervals and never miss an appointment.
  • Also, take precautions in case of stress and anxiety attacks as it can trigger asthma.
  • An individual should contact his or her doctor or nearby health care centre for an emergency.
  • Use of allergens and disinfectants should also be avoided as it also triggers asthma.

What precautions should an individual take while disinfecting to prevent Covid-19?

  • Disinfecting should be done by someone who does not have asthma or any other respiratory disease. 
  • Asthma patients should not be present in the room which is being disinfected. 
  • Medicines, inhalers and nebulizer machines should be kept in reach for any emergency. 
  • List of healthcare providers, hospitals, etc. should be kept within reach of the patient. 
  • Wear gloves, head masks and face masks while disinfecting an area or a room.
  • The flow of air should be checked. The room of an asthma patient must be kept airy, and ventilators should be there in the places.
  • Call 911 for medical emergencies. 

Points to remember before using disinfectants:-

  • Disinfectant, which is less harmful to asthma patients, should be used. The ones which contain hydrogen peroxide (no more substantial than 3%) or ethanol (ethyl alcohol) can also be taken under consideration. 
  • Disinfectants that do not contain peroxyacetic acid or peracetic acid should be avoided and should be kept out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Chemicals like bleach (sodium hypochlorite) or quaternary ammonium compounds (e.g. benzalkonium chloride) can also trigger asthma attacks.
  •  Always read the instructions carefully before using a product (here disinfectant) to be careful with its usage. Instead of using very little or too much chemical, follow the amount recommended in the label.
  • Try not to mix a chemical with another.
  • Use water at room temperature to dilute the chemical solution.
  • Label the diluted solutions so that one can quickly identify the solution.

What should an individual do if he feels sick or uneasy?

In case if an individual feels that he or she has symptoms of Covid-19, they should immediately contact their health care provider or doctor. One can also opt for the nearest health care centre or hospital. Do not hesitate or delay to seek help in an emergency. Just dial 911 for emergency medical care.

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