What does your urine say about your health?
Hello! Could dark urine indicate that the liver is not working well? And excessive urination when is a problem? Did you know that in the old days, doctors would test a patient's urine to find out what type of diabetes he had? Because you have more than one type of diabetes, diabetes insipidus (or, that tasteless) and diabetes (that tastes like honey).

This is correct! Your urine can say a lot about your health. Changes in your urine are often the first sign that something is wrong with your body. But what exactly can you learn from urine and how can you use this knowledge to improve your health? In this video I will talk about urine color, strong smell of urine, foamy urine, and many other things. Stay till the end because this video is the most complete on the subject! But first, enjoy the video, because the more people like the video, the more YouTube gets distributed, for those who don't have access to doctors and hospitals, also subscribe to the channel if you're not subscribed, so don't. Don't miss our health tips, and turn on the bell to receive notifications. And of course , share this video with your friends. And tell me: Is your urine okay, or does it have a different color or smell? What part of Brazil or of the world are you from? Write there! Come. Our urine can show many things about our health First, let's talk about how much urine and urine are concentrated, so pay attention if you're urinating more or less.

A person's normal amount of urine varies greatly, and depends on many things such as how much water you drink, how much physical activity you do, how much you sweat, how hot and dry it is, and a number of other things. On average, we consider it normal to be around 800ml to 2 liters per day, however, don't be alarmed if you urinate more or less than that. You may have already noticed that if you drink a lot of fluids, as I said in the video about water, you drink water on an empty stomach, and then you will produce urine that is less concentrated, that is, more pure, and of greater volume. The urine will be clear.

On the other hand, if you forget to drink water that day and become dehydrated, you will produce urine that is more concentrated, that is, darker and in smaller quantities. Our body is perfect, it wants to maintain its balance, and this balance is mainly done by antidiuretic hormone or ADH. Therefore, if a person is dehydrated and still produces a lot of urine, this is wrong – this may be a sign that this antidiuretic hormone is not being produced in sufficient quantities or that it is not able to act.

This is what we call diabetes insipidus. It has nothing to do with high glucose, and that other thing is diabetes. Diabetes insipidus, when these doctors in the past tasted urine, they did not feel a sweet taste. The good thing is that science has evolved! Now, there are medications that deal with that. Another reason for an increase in urine volume is the use of certain medications. In my daily life, I prescribe diuretics, which can also increase urine production and reduce its concentration. Another thing that can affect is altitude. If you travel to Peru, Bolivia, or other high-altitude places, this can cause increased urine production and dilute urine. What about when urine volume decreases? You have to think of 3 things: The first thing that comes to mind is: dehydration , I already said that. The most common cause of low urine volume is dehydration, which occurs when a person does not drink enough fluids. It is very common in the elderly, as they feel less thirsty. But also, dehydration can be due to excessive sweating, high fever, or living in a hot, dry climate like here in Brasilia.

Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions can also cause low urine volume. The main reason is more advanced kidney disease, that person who didn't care about high blood pressure or diabetes and blew the kidneys… I also remember that some medications can affect the ability of the kidneys to produce urine. A third cause of low urine volume is a urinary tract obstruction, such as a kidney or bladder stone, a urinary tract infection, or a tumor pressing on the urinary tract. But here's a caveat – when a kidney problem or obstruction occurs on only one side, a person may not experience a decrease in urine volume.

This is because the other kidney will compensate and you will continue to go to the bathroom normally. Now, if the obstruction occurs after the bladder, the person will feel a full bladder, and they will feel it, but they will not be able to urinate. The most common cause of this condition is an enlarged prostate, when the prostate grows, which is a benign disease and can be treated with probing , medication, or surgery. And Xixi color? What do you say about our health? Healthy urine should be pale yellow.

If your urine is a strong yellow, or a more rounded orange color, the most common cause is dehydration. If this is the case, it will likely become more noticeable if you increase your fluid intake. Certain medications or food dyes can also cause your urine to turn orange, even if you're not dehydrated. In this case, you will not need to do anything. When the medication is stopped , the color of the urine returns to normal. Now, if your urine is brown, turning a matte tea color, you'd better pay attention. This may be a sign that the liver is not working well. People with hepatitis, especially hepatitis A, B, or C , may experience dark urine as a symptom because the liver is not working properly. When the liver is inflamed and damaged, it cannot break down and remove bilirubin, a substance that is normally excreted in the stool from the blood – such a person's stool turns white. Then this bilirubin can build up in the bloodstream and be excreted in the urine, making it look dark brown. Increased bilirubin in the blood also causes the skin to turn yellow, and the eyes to turn yellow, which we call jaundice.

If the urine is reddish-brown in color, this may be a sign of myoglobinuria. I remember a case that shocked me, it was in the medical clinic residence, a rural worker was bitten by a snake, we gave him an antivenom and asked for blood and urine tests. The young man came with a very scared little drop of urine. His urine was reddish brown. You see, myoglobin is a protein found in muscle tissue, and when muscles are damaged, for some reason such as over exercise or snake venom, myoglobin is released into the bloodstream and can be excreted in the urine. The problem is that myoglobin is toxic to the kidneys, and in some cases, very high levels can lead to acute kidney failure, with the need for dialysis until recovery occurs.

That's what happened to him. Hemodialysis is required, even with severe hydration, liters and liters of intravenous serum, even if the kidneys have stopped. But he later recovered. If you are experiencing muscle pain associated with darkening of the urine, it is worth seeing a doctor. Proper hydration can protect your kidneys until levels of this protein in your blood drop, so drink more fluids. Now, if the urine comes out pink or red, it could be because there is blood in the urine. Hematuria is the medical term used to describe the presence of blood in the urine. Blood can come from any part of the urinary tract, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. This is because hematuria can be caused by many things, eg: urinary tract infection, cystitis, kidney stones or even urinary tract tumors – I don't know if you've seen many famous people with bladder cancer lately.

In urinalysis there was hematuria. Just one detail: it takes a certain amount of blood in the urine so we can detect these changes just by looking at the urine . Bleeding in a small amount will only be noticed with a urine test, which we call microscopic hematuria – you need to use a microscope to see this. What about milky urine that has lost its transparency? It is usually a sign of a urinary tract infection. And the injury is more serious. This appearance is caused by the defense cells trying to solve the problem, hence its pus-like appearance. And greenish urine? what does that mean? I m truly.

It is just an effect of some medicines. Anitta, for example, used to treat worms, usually causes this effect. The important thing is to know that, despite its extreme strangeness, urine of this color is completely normal when certain medications are used. So about the color of urine, I said it all. What about urine foam? If it's not just soap or detergent residue in the toilet, foam in your urine may be a sign that you're losing protein through your kidneys. The normal kidney does not lose proteins because it is very large. But when the kidney sieve becomes damaged, a person can begin to lose protein, already warning of kidney damage.

The problem here is that you need a lot of protein in your urine to notice a change in the appearance of your urine . And it can be sudden, as in glomerulonephritis after a sore throat, for example.
If you have a disease that can affect your kidneys, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, your doctor will check the amount of protein in your urine at least once a year. This is because if the problem is caught in the early stages, there is a high chance of reversing the problem – the less protein, the less kidney damage. What about sugar in the urine? The presence of glucose in the urine can be easily noticed in babies who use diapers. It is common for the mother to comment that she left the nappy with pee in the tub for a little while to solve something and when she came back it was full of ants. In adults, the presence of glucose may not be noticed until a blood test is done. Is the presence of glucose in the urine always a problem? No! Although uncontrolled diabetes, with blood sugar above 180 mg/dL, is the most common cause, some patients excrete glucose in the urine even with normal blood sugar.

It is a genetic change that does not cause any problems. Those who have it will die from it, but not because of it. Now, pay attention: In recent years, a new cause of glucose in the urine has emerged. It is the use of medicines from the gliflozin class, such as Jardiance and Forxiga. These drugs work precisely by increasing the urinary excretion of glucose, that is, urination with sugar. These therapies are very interesting, as they reduce renal hyperfiltration, improve diabetes control, excrete uric acid and have heart benefits, and reduce deaths from heart failure. Therefore, if a patient uses one of these medications, a loss of glucose in the urine is normal and expected. If you are not losing it, it is because you are not taking it or you have been given an expired or fake medicine. Oh, doc, you didn't mention the smell.

Polly smells bad. I will speak – and smell the changes? A change in the smell of urine can be caused by a variety of factors, including: – Dehydration: When the body becomes dehydrated, urine becomes concentrated and can have a stronger odor. Certain foods and drinks: like asparagus – which has that stench, but also garlic and coffee can cause changes in the smell of urine. Vitamins: High levels of vitamin B6 can make urine smell strong and sweet. But there are also vitamins that they use for the nerves, alpha lipoic acid or THIOCTACID, which whenever I prescribe it, inform the patient, because otherwise he comes back complaining about the smell. Medications: Some antibiotics, diuretics, and blood pressure medications can cause changes in the smell of urine. Infections: Urinary tract infections, kidney infections, and bladder infections can cause changes in the smell of urine. Diseases: Some metabolic and kidney diseases can cause changes in the smell of urine. For example, we can mention TRIMETHYL AMINURIA, which is responsible for urine with a fishy odor. Ah, but it hurts when I pee. And pain when urinating? It's what we call dysuria – pain or discomfort when urinating.

It can be caused by a variety of factors, including urinary tract infections – most commonly, cystitis, bladder or kidney stones, sexually transmitted infections, inflammation or cancer of the bladder or prostate, nerve damage and some medications. The classic symptom of a lower urinary tract infection, that is, affecting only the bladder, is a burning pain when urinating. In addition, a person constantly feels that the bladder is full, but when he goes to the bathroom, little urine comes out – a few drops.

You have to be treated. You have to go to the doctor who will prescribe antibiotics to solve it. That's it! By taking care of your urine, you can learn a lot about your health and take steps to improve it. Stay hydrated, exercise regularly but don't overeat, and eat a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables – you can even eat asparagus, you see, despite the smell. And if anything catches your eye, go to the doctor and tell him. Your health is an important part of your general well-being. Did you like the video? as there! And share in your whatsapp groups, because you can help more people. What will be the next video you will watch ? I'll leave two recommendations on the side. 7 symptoms your body gives you before a heart attack. And my silent stroke video of 10 Signs You Can't Ignore. My name is André Wambier, cardiologist, and this is Remember to subscribe. And until the next video. Thank you very much!.

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